Jehovah has said: "I will bring disaster upon the world and their due punishment upon the wicked. I will check the pride of the haughty (presumptuous ones. NWT) and bring low the arrogance of ruthless menů For then I will rid you of your proud and arrogant citizens, and never again shall you flaunt your pride on my holy hill." (Isaiah 13:11 and Zeph 3:11 NEB).
THE DEFINITION AND CAUSE.
Arrogance is the tendency to exalt oneself
unduly over another. It is caused by having an exaggerated opinion of oneself,
leading one to make or imply unwarrantable claims to authority, glory or
knowledge. The source of arrogance is a deluded spirit. The Christ listed
arrogance among the "injurious reasonings"
(evil thoughts. NEB) issuing forth "out of the heart of men"
that defiles them. (See Mark 7:21
When arrogance stirs in a person's heart, he begins to think "he is something when he is nothing". (Gal 6:3. Prov 21:4 NEB). Deceiving his own mind with injurious reasoning, he becomes "discreet in (his) own eyes" and is no longer "led along with the lowly things" that make for humility before God. Instead he is "minding lofty things" for self-exaltation. (Rom 12:16). He begins to think how 'wise' he is of his own account, and before he is aware of it has been "drawn out and enticed by his own desire". The desire, when it has become fertile in the injurious reasoning of his heart, gives birth to sin. (James 1:14,15). The following are manifestations of arrogance:
But in accordance with his hard and unrepentant heart, such a man is storing up the wrath of God for himself on the day of His righteous Judgement. For those who are "contentious and who disobey the truth" there will be "wrath and anger, tribulation and distress" upon the arrogant soul "of every man who works what is injurious". (Rom 2:4-9). Contentiousness (strife) is a work of the flesh, and those who continue in it will not inherit the Kingdom of God. (Gal 5:19-21). Nothing one may say or do in a spirit of contentiousness can ever be justified. Therefore, do "nothing out of contentiousness (or rivalry) or out of egotism (personal vanity), but with lowliness of mind (humility) considering that the others (in the faith) are superior to you..." (Phil 2:3,4).
Anyone who "pushes ahead" presumptuously and "teaches other doctrine" is no longer in subjection to "the teaching that accords with Godly devotion" and is deceived by his own presumptuous spirit. (1 Tim 6:3. Jer 49:16 NWT & NEB). It is written: ""Look! I am against you, O Presumptuousness," is the utterance of the Sovereign Lord, Jehovah of armies, "for your day must come, the time that I must give you attention. And Presumptuousness will certainly stumble and fall, and it will have no one to cause it to rise up" (against God). (Jer 50:31,32).
That is why it is written: "Do not go beyond the things that are written, in order that you may not be puffed up" with pride and "fall into the Judgement passed upon the devil". "Subject yourselves, therefore, to God; but oppose the devil, and he will flee from you." (1 Cor 4:6. 1 Tim 3:6. James 4:7).
Boasting is a form of self-recommendation employed by those who seek to be "glorified by men". An example of this are those who make "gifts of mercy" publicly before others, thereby "declaring (themselves) righteous before men". But this is a "disgusting thing in God's sight." (Matt 6:1,2) (Luke 16:15). Those who use their words and deeds to "recommend themselves" prove they have no spiritual understanding. "For not the one who recommends himself is approved, but the man whom Jehovah recommends." (2 Cor 10:12,18).
Let no man "brag about himself" because of possessing the wisdom, the might or the riches of this world. (Prov 28:11. Jer 9:23). For "in order that no flesh may boast in the sight of God", He chose the "foolish things of the world, that He might put the wise men (of the world) to shame (the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God); and God chose the weak things of the world, that He might put the strong (mighty) things to shame." (1 Cor 1:27-29 & 3:19). This is what Jehovah has said: "But let the one bragging about himself brag about himself because of this very thing, the having of insight and the having of knowledge of Me, that I am Jehovah, the One exercising loving-kindness, justice and righteousness in the earth; for in these things I do take delight," is the utterance of Jehovah." (Jer 9:24).
The Christ said: "If your brother commits a sin, go lay bare his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother." (Matt 18:15). But what if he does not listen? Those "stubborn after much reproof" who arrogantly refuse to put away "that superfluous thing, badness" are no longer "holding God in accurate knowledge", but are "suppressing the truth in an unrighteous way." (Rom 1:18,28. James 1:21. Prov 29:1 NEB) Consequently, and in keeping with the desires of their hearts, God gives them up to a "disapproved mental state", having become "hateful to God, insolent (presumptuous), arrogant, and boastful". (Rom 1:30 NEB).
THE CHRISTIAN EXAMPLE.